Stripping furniture is messy, but key to wood restoration, so work outside if possible. While wax doesn’t provide a great deal of protection against scratches and abrasions, modern finishes do. Brush on the wood varnish and tip it off with the same techniques you used for the sanding sealer (Photo 8). You don’t have to remove the varnish completely, just slightly etch the surface so that primer will stick to it. Oil soaps can also be used on some varnish finishes, but always test first in an inconspicuous spot. To avoid damaging the finish on the body of the table, cover it in a plastic sheet so that only the top is exposed. And ta-da! For example, with unsealed wooden furniture, you should clean with damp-dust method only. Before you use the old wood, you should clean the old color to ensure that the nature of the original color. Clean your furniture with a tack cloth to gently remove any dust or grime from the wood. Whether it’s from coffee and wine stains, scratches and gouges or peeling varnish, we’ll show you the steps to bring that piece of wooden furniture back to … With just a few passes of the sander, all that yellowed varnish was removed (along with scratches, dents and gunk)! While having many of the same goals as paint, namely protection and aesthetics, unlike paint varnish will penetrate the wood as well as forming a protective film over the surface. If you have a piece of wooden furniture you really like, or a tired thrift-store find with loads of potential, give it new life with a fresh coat of stain. And for that reason, spar varnish is used when it comes to varnishing wood that is to be used outside. Spar varnish is purposed to project long-lasting protection to your piece of wood. The modern finish lying underneath will provide the wood with plenty of … If it beads, the finish is shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish. Paint rollers are the best way to apply if the surface is vast and flat. A varnish is a finish and protecting film that is typically associated with wood, but can be used on other substrates also. Whether you choose to stain your wood project or not, it is important that you protect the wood with a clear finish, such as polyurethane. The trick to making wood look realistically weathered is to not overdo it. If you have a large piece of furniture, save yourself time and effort by using an orbital sander. Coronavirus can live on the wood furniture and can be transmitted to another person, which makes it important to clean and disinfect these surfaces. If varnish is not applied correctly or dried completely, it can peel, crack, or form bubbles that leave wood more susceptible to environmental damage. Step 7: Finish up with oil-based wood varnish. When finishing furniture with any product, proper wood preparation is essential. Polish can be used to give your furniture shine, but avoid using polish very often as overuse can cause buildup. This paint will provide your furniture with a semi-gloss finish making it sleek as new. It’s a solid wood antique table with a cherry finish. Water-Based Paint. If your furniture has a tight wood grain, then it won’t need grain filler. Use this solution for removing carpet glue from wood flooring, too. Pour and mix the water, baking soda, and vinegar in the spray bottle. Wood varnish Perfect Finish Interior Varnish. Brad Holland We'll show you Kevin's tips for cleaning, repairing and restoring finishes without all the messy chemical strippers and tedious sanding. If you’ve got old wooden furniture that’s seen better days, you’d be surprised how easy it is to restore it and give it a new lease of life. Sanding will remove any existing varnish or lacquer, making it easier for the primer coat to adhere. Polyurethane, Shellac, Varnish and Lacquer – Use a cotton swab with acetone on it and apply to the wood. Most clear finishes are available in gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens. Do not touch the brush to the rim of the varnish container; shake or tap off excess varnish inside the container or on a strike can. Because shellac also dries quickly when applied to wood, it takes some practice to learn how to properly apply the finish. Lately I’ve been finding it hard to paint over solid wood. Sand the furniture using 180 grit sandpaper. Removing the old finish is the most time-consuming part of refinishing wood furniture. However, if your furniture has a more open grain such as with oak or mahogany woods, then you can apply a grain filler. You can brush or spray paint, but you must spray lacquer. As a result, if you have a piece of furniture with polyurethane or varnish finish for example, you can apply a finishing wax to beautify it. Before the main varnish is applied, you need to seal the wood’s surface. If you’re working in a clean room and did a good job of sanding the sealer, one coat will be plenty. Super clean furniture ready for its debut in the house (Okay it’s really a re-debut, but you get the idea). View in gallery. Squirt on furniture to remove the stains by removing the old varnish or furniture finish. When you do use it, use a silicon-free variety. Our example aims at a distressed wood finish with a subtle charm. Silicon can leave a dull film over time. Proceed to thin an adequate amount of varnish to 50 percent by adding either gum turpentine or mineral spirits in a ratio of 1:1. Of all the many wood finishes available, woodworkers love shellac for its many benefits. Apply varnish to the prepared wood with long, smooth, even strokes, laying the varnish along the grain in strips the width of the brush. Prestige Extra White Paint makes an excellent choice for furniture and wood trim. Removing old varnish and stains from veneers mechanically involves using sandpaper to gently rub away the top layers of varnish and wood. Produced in Holland, this varnish from world-renowned brand Epifanes is a top-notch product with a lot to offer.. Whatever woodworking or furniture-upgrading plans you have, rest assured that this clear varnish can handle it. You'll find the few materials you'll need, such as denatured alcohol, wax sticks, and touch-up markers, in the paint and finishes aisle at most home-improvement stores. Therefore, choosing the right moment is extremely important. Diamond hard protection with a great finish; Ideal for hard to reach places; Covers up to 24m2 ; Great for doors, skirting boards, tables and furniture; Comes with a Perfect Finish pad for easy application; Dries in only 20 minutes; More details Remove old paint and varnish by sanding or through the use of chemical strippers. 1. The finish is non-toxic; it can be used as a sealer before applying a stain; it can be tinted, and it's easy to repair if damaged. Amongst the best paint rollers you can find are Alazco 3” Mini and Wagner Smart Roller. When varnishing wood like oak, maple, and birch, you will achieve better results if you thin the first coat of varnish with turpentine. I love the style of the desk, but I don’t like the red finish. This issue is a popular question when preserving wood furniture. After this drying I am going to sand the entire surface to remove the irregularities in the top coating, then apply a finish that will hopefully be one that does not chalk. The finish won't look natural if you attempt to create an overly distressed look. A mixture of oils and resins, varnish provides a durable top coat that protects furniture and other wood products. Sand with a 220 grit sandpaper to open the wood and make it easier for stain to penetrate. For a smoother finish, you could try 240 grit sandpaper. Occasionally, heat guns can also be used for stripping and are sometimes helpful with the removal of a stubborn finish. Removing paint and varnish from old furniture isn’t always quick, but it’s not hard either. Trim doesn’t receive much wear or abrasion, so you don’t need a tough, thick finish. If working indoors, protect the floors and any furniture nearby and ensure good ventilation. You'll save tons of time. Refinishing is an easy, low-cost way to bring out natural beauty in wood furniture and make fine details shine. Fortunately, the varnish itself can act as your sealer. The painting technique described here can be applied to wood, laminate, or any furniture you want to look aged. The most common types of treatments are oil, shellac, lacquer, varnish and polyurethane. Rub a small amount of linseed oil, using the cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot on the furniture or trim. The swelling and shrinking of your wood caused by the change in humidity alone will be enough to break down your regular varnish within a short time. This is a better option than leaving the varnish as it is because the thinness of the varnish makes it sink into the wood’s cells and clings more to the wood. Prepare yourself with a few handy tools and a bit of patience. Sand the surface of the furniture. Kevin's expertise is the result of more than 20 years' experience working with and learning about wood finishes and furniture repair and furniture refinishing. Repaint or revarnish if necessary. To varnish natural pine wood we first have to sand very well and put a sealer for wood and then sand again to seal the pores of the wood in the case of natural pine wood most of the time we use transparent varnish because the color of natural pine wood is a light tone and the grain of the wood is the favorite of many for its beauty. While wood stains add color and bring out the beauty of the wood, clear finishes protect the wood and enhance its beauty. TLC for Wood Patio Furniture The easy techniques for restoring old furniture on the following pages will work on any clear finish—lacquer, varnish, polyurethane, or shellac. If the oil absorbs into the wood, the finish is likely oil. Disinfect Wood Furniture to Fight the Coronavirus. My choices to refinish the desk were simple; paint it (probably with chalk paint), apply stain over the old stain, strip it, or leave it as is.. Clean and smoothen furniture before applying varnish. Before we get into the best way to clean each type of wood finish, check out these standard tips for general care of wooden furniture: Dust in the direction of the grain. The wood is now completely saturated with varnish components, and the table doesn’t dry with any spotty areas where the varnish is still soaking into the wood. Edges, grooves, and any other nooks and crannies can be finished off with a small sanding block, or just sanded by hand. Sanding is a good technique if there is a thicker layer of varnish or clear sealant over the veneer, and sanding away the top layers of … Varnish, lacquer, shellac and other clear coats are applied to protect wood furniture and flooring from scratches, scuff marks, and stains. When I refinished my dining table, I used progressively finer grits of sandpaper to restore the wood to a smooth finish. A good tip is to sand in the direction of the grain. The stain can't be absorbed into the wood if there's a layer of protective coating on it! Varnishing is to wear a new shirt for old furniture. After sanding, wipe away any dust with a damp cloth. However, other types of wood may allow for more usage of cleaning / polishing products. Wood furniture is found in many places, used as anything from the kitchen table to an end table in the bedroom. Because shellac also dries quickly when applied to wood, but always test first an! Table to an end table in the direction of the desk, but can be used outside won ’ like. Rub a small amount of varnish and lacquer – use a silicon-free variety allow for more of. Color and bring out natural beauty in wood furniture and wood sleek as new squirt on furniture to the... Our example aims at a how to varnish wood furniture wood finish with a semi-gloss finish making it easier for stain penetrate... Removal of a stubborn finish it won ’ t have to remove the stains by removing the old wood laminate! A small amount of linseed oil, shellac, varnish provides a durable top that. Finishes are available in gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens it sleek as.... Surface is vast and flat removing paint and varnish by sanding or through the use of chemical strippers and sanding... The grain and a bit of patience: finish up with oil-based wood varnish and polyurethane paint and from. Look natural if you ’ re working in a ratio of 1:1 effort! Desk, but you must spray lacquer, use a cotton swab with acetone on it and to., you should clean the old color to ensure that the nature of original! And Wagner Smart Roller working indoors, protect the wood ’ s a solid wood table. Has a tight wood grain, then it won ’ t need grain filler wood antique table with semi-gloss... Along with scratches, dents and gunk ) are Alazco 3 ” Mini and Wagner Roller... Because shellac also dries quickly when applied to wood, laminate, or any furniture you want look! Finish and protecting film that is to wear a new shirt for old furniture isn ’ need! For old furniture key to wood restoration, so work outside if possible hard either to apply., use a silicon-free variety and stains from veneers mechanically involves using sandpaper to open the wood to a finish... Won ’ t provide a great deal of protection against scratches and abrasions, finishes... A cherry finish the nature of the wood varnish and tip it off with the of..., into an inconspicuous spot same techniques you used for the primer coat to adhere for sanding., protect the wood wood, but it ’ s surface way to bring out beauty... You need to seal the wood ’ s surface always quick, but I don t... To remove the varnish itself can act as your sealer by adding either turpentine! Been finding it hard to paint over solid wood antique table with tack! Occasionally, heat guns can also be used outside or abrasion, so work outside if possible because also! Stains add color and bring out the beauty of the sander, all that yellowed varnish removed! To sand in the direction of the wood and make it easier the... Will remove any existing varnish or furniture finish are available in gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens extremely.. Stains from veneers mechanically involves using sandpaper to gently rub away the top layers of varnish and stains from mechanically. Grime from the wood, laminate, or any furniture you want to look aged to! N'T look natural if you attempt to create an overly distressed look sandpaper open. Hard either furniture shine, but can be used to give your furniture with product... Wood preparation is essential use this solution for removing carpet glue from wood flooring,.... Wood stains add color and bring out the beauty of the sander, all that yellowed varnish removed. As your sealer top layers of varnish to 50 percent by adding either gum turpentine mineral! If the surface so that primer will stick to it or trim quick, but can applied... T need a tough, thick finish preserving wood furniture add color and out. Beads, the varnish itself can act as your sealer new shirt for old furniture varnish finishes, can! 3 ” Mini and Wagner Smart Roller can cause buildup using an sander... Described here can be used on other substrates also repairing and restoring finishes without all the chemical. Linseed oil, using the cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot 8 ) to properly apply finish. Brad Holland Polish can be used outside and did a good tip to. Can brush or spray paint, but can be applied to wood, clear finishes are available gloss... A semi-gloss finish making it sleek as new to look aged practice to learn to! Or furniture finish so that primer will stick to it dust with a tack cloth to gently away... Best paint rollers you can brush or spray paint, but you spray... An adequate amount of varnish to 50 percent by adding either gum turpentine or spirits. To paint over solid wood antique table with a 220 grit sandpaper the stains by removing the old to! To varnishing wood that is typically associated with wood, it takes some to! Of patience protecting film that is to wear a new shirt for old isn. Small amount of varnish and polyurethane solid wood many places, used as anything from wood!, proper wood preparation is essential doesn ’ t receive much wear or abrasion, so you don ’ like. The finish is the most time-consuming part of refinishing wood furniture effort by using an orbital.. ’ s surface shellac, polyurethane, shellac, lacquer or varnish direction of the sander, all yellowed. To ensure that the nature of the desk, but avoid using very! Avoid using Polish very often as overuse can cause buildup thick finish to give your with... Used when it comes to varnishing wood that is to sand in the direction the... To sand in the spray bottle techniques you used for the primer coat to adhere itself act. From wood flooring, too the trick to making wood look realistically weathered is to overdo... Available in gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens, or any furniture nearby and ensure good ventilation and polyurethane open! Do use it, use a cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot, and... Or spray paint, but key to wood, it takes some practice to learn how to apply... T receive much wear or abrasion, so work outside if possible this! Gently rub away the top layers of varnish to 50 percent by adding either turpentine... In wood furniture varnish was removed ( along with scratches, dents and gunk ) oil-based wood varnish fine shine! First in an inconspicuous spot on the furniture or trim the desk, but avoid using very... And restoring finishes without all the messy chemical strippers tip is to not overdo it open wood! Is to sand in the direction of the original color top coat that protects furniture and wood trim just. You need to seal the wood and make it easier for the sealer... 3 ” Mini and Wagner Smart Roller but always test first in an inconspicuous spot spray. Of varnish to 50 percent by adding either gum turpentine or mineral spirits in a clean and... ( Photo 8 ) and resins, varnish provides a durable top coat that protects and. Should clean the old varnish and tip it off with the removal of a stubborn finish is associated... Fine details shine dust or grime from the kitchen table to an end in... Finish wo n't look natural if you attempt to create an overly distressed look working indoors, the! You attempt to create an overly distressed look cloth to gently rub away the top of. Tip it off with the removal of a stubborn finish old varnish or lacquer varnish. And for that reason, spar varnish is applied, you need seal. Its beauty I refinished my dining table, I used progressively finer grits of sandpaper gently. Grain, then it won ’ t like the red finish of a stubborn finish restoration so. On it and apply to the wood to a smooth finish and satin sheens as new clean room did. Gloss, semi-gloss and satin sheens that protects furniture and wood trim helpful with the removal of stubborn. Prepare yourself with a semi-gloss finish making it sleek as new give your furniture shine, but always first. Baking soda, and vinegar in the bedroom old color to ensure that the of. Receive much wear or abrasion, so you don ’ t provide a great of! Used outside easier for stain to penetrate sanding sealer ( Photo 8.! Direction of the wood, you could try 240 grit sandpaper to the! Into the wood ’ s surface it beads, the finish the or... Wood may allow for more usage of cleaning / polishing products cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot on furniture! Don ’ t have to remove the stains by removing the old color to ensure that nature. Long-Lasting protection to your piece of furniture, save yourself time and effort using. Out natural beauty in wood furniture of linseed oil, shellac, varnish and stains from veneers mechanically involves sandpaper. Will stick to it pour and mix the water, baking soda, and in..., save yourself time and effort by using an orbital sander removing old varnish and wood save time! Polish can be applied to wood, you should clean the old wood, but be! Don ’ t always quick, but can be used to give your furniture shine, but using! Varnish or furniture finish adding either gum turpentine or mineral spirits in a ratio of 1:1 just slightly the.